Over the course of the long and interesting history of therapeutic use of psychedelics, various therapeutic settings and approaches emerged, spanning from shamanistic rituals to modern, manualized treatment sessions on a psychotherapeutic basis. Novel therapeutic settings in recent studies, which make the claim for integrating psychotherapeutic approaches, use elements of different psychotherapeutic directions in an eclectic way. Both aspects of modern behavioral and psychodynamic therapy found their way into the treatment sessions. Behavioral aspects include classical cognitive behavioral elements like motivational interviewing, as well as third wave therapies such as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) or Mindfulness Based approaches. On the other hand, psychodynamic elements can be found in terms of working with dream-like states as a way to the subconscious, reducing psychological resistance, eliciting free association, insight and catharsis, and intensifying transference.
Furthermore, several common factors of psychotherapy can be found, such as high priority of a therapeutic alliance or substance-specific properties, e.g. increased suggestibility, or highly affective states like the psychedelic peak experience.
In this talk, Dr. Michael Koslowski, a therapist with a psychodynamic background and Dr. Felix Betzler, a behavioral therapist, will explore the range of therapeutic aspects of psychedelic therapy from two different perspectives.